The Ministry of Intelligence and Security1 was created by Ayatollah Khomenini in March 1982 to safeguard the Islamic Revolution.2 A top priority of the organization - then as well as today - is to identify and eliminate political opponents in and outside of Iran.
The MOIS has 15 directorates,3 one area of which is a special section called the Department of Disinformation, also known as "nefaq" or discord in Arabic.4
The Department of Disinformation was created in the early 1990s and "is charged with the task of creating psychological warfare and misinformation about enemies of the regime."5 It has several thousand employees,6 including "former resistance members that were either seduced (with money, etc.) or coerced into assisting the regime."7