Ministry of Intelligence and Security
The Ministry of Intelligence and Security1 was created by Ayatollah Khomenini in March 1982 to safeguard the Islamic Revolution.2 A top priority of the organization - then as well as today - is to identify and eliminate political opponents in and outside of Iran.
The MOIS has 15 directorates,3 one area of which is a special section called the Department of Disinformation, also known as "nefaq" or discord in Arabic.4
The Department of Disinformation was created in the early 1990s and "is charged with the task of creating psychological warfare and misinformation about enemies of the regime."5 It has several thousand employees,6 including "former resistance members that were either seduced (with money, etc.) or coerced into assisting the regime."7
Estimates on the total number of MOIS employees range from 15,000 to 30,000. The organization has a "comparatively large budget" (some experts say an "almost unlimited budget") and operates under the guidance of Iran's Supreme Leader.
1) In Farsi, the MOIS is known as Vezarat-e Ettela'at va Amniat-e Keshvar or VEKAK.
2) "Khomeini To Set Up Own SAVAK." Associated Press. March 11, 1982.
3) The directorates are: Security; Counterintelligence; Foreign; Security Investigation; Technology; Politics; Evaluation and Strategic Affairs; Education; Research; Archives and Documents; Manpower; Administration and Finance; Legal-Parliamentary; Economy; and Cultural-Social.
4) "Iran's Ministry of Intelligence and Security: A Profile." Library of Congress. December 2012.
5) "Disinformation Campaign in Overdrive: Iran's VEVAK in High-Gear." By Rabbi Dr. Daniel M. Zuker. http://www.globalpolitician.com/print.asp?id=3386
6) Statement by MOIS chief Hojjatol-Islam Ali Younesi. See "Disinformation Campaign in Overdrive: Iran's VEVAK in High-Gear." By Rabbi Dr. Daniel M. Zuker.
7) "Disinformation Campaign in Overdrive: Iran's VEVAK in High-Gear." By Rabbi Dr. Daniel M. Zuker. http://www.globalpolitician.com/print.asp?id=3386